Semiconductor Stocks in India: A 27% CAGR Growth Story You Can't Miss!

Semiconductor Stocks in India: A 27% CAGR Growth Story You Can't Miss!

The semiconductor industry is flourishing and is anticipated to be a crucial driver of India's economic expansion. Remarkably, the Indian semiconductor sector reached a substantial value of USD 27 billion in the year 2022. What's even more remarkable is the projected growth rate for the Indian semiconductor market, which is expected to surge at a remarkable CAGR of 27.2% during the forecast period. To put it simply, this industry is on the fast track to grow at a remarkable CAGR of 27%.


However, there's a significant challenge: India relies heavily on imports for about 90% of its semiconductor needs. This heavy dependence on foreign sources has made the semiconductor crisis of the past two years particularly disruptive. It severely affected the manufacturing of smartphones, automobiles, and consumer electronics, impacting not only individuals but also the nation's GDP.

To address this issue, the Government of India has introduced a substantial program with a budget of USD 10 billion. This program is aimed at fostering the development of the semiconductor and display manufacturing ecosystem in India, covering both manufacturing and design aspects. The primary goal is to attract investments in semiconductor manufacturing and design, positioning India as a major hub for semiconductors.

This article aims to provide insights into the current performance of the semiconductor industry and offer guidance on how individuals can capitalize on its projected growth through smart investment options. So, let's delve right in.

Understanding the Semiconductor Industry in India

The semiconductor industry has evolved into one of the most vital sectors, deeply integrated into virtually every field. It's an indispensable element in all electronic gadgets. To give you an idea of its significance, by 2021, local electronics consumption had surged to a staggering US$ 400 billion, creating a chip market valued at around US$ 50 to US$ 60 billion. In the last two years, chip consumption has skyrocketed by an impressive 61.44%, reaching US$ 8.25 billion.

Growth Drivers

  1. Automation and Technological Breakthroughs:

    Automation has propelled the world to new heights, revolutionizing the way tasks are accomplished. Thanks to technological advancements, processes that used to take hours or days can now be completed in minutes. Semiconductors are at the core of this transformation, facilitating the automation of various tasks.

  2. Rising Demand for Semiconductor Products:

    The widespread adoption of 5G technology, the surging popularity of cryptocurrency mining that demands enhanced processing power, and the Indian government's continuous efforts to promote digitalization have collectively fueled a surge in demand for semiconductor products.

What are semiconductors?

Semiconductors, the tiny technological chips that manage and control the flow of electricity in electrical devices and equipment, play a pivotal role in our modern world. Unlike conductors that allow uncontrolled electron flow and insulators that completely block it, semiconductors reduce electrical resistance, making it easier to regulate temperature and control electronic devices.

Semiconductors' Role in Modern Electronics

Semiconductors are the "brains" behind contemporary electronics, from consumer goods like automobiles, televisions, and smartphones to complex industrial, defense, and aerospace machinery. Continuous advancements in semiconductor technology lead to smaller, faster, more reliable, and more energy-efficient electronic devices, driving competition among semiconductor manufacturers to produce ever smaller chips.

Government Initiatives

The Indian government has introduced several initiatives and regulations to underscore the importance of the semiconductor sector in the country. Key initiatives include:

  1. Make in India:

    Launched in 2014, the "Make in India" project aims to increase manufacturing within the country and establish India as a global manufacturing hub.

  2. Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme:

    The government's Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) plan has allocated a substantial sum of Rs 76,000 crores to promote the manufacturing of semiconductors and displays. A significant portion of this sanctioned amount, amounting to Rs 2.3 lakh crore, has been earmarked to support local semiconductor production.

  3. Semicon India Programme:

    It's essential to highlight that India currently relies heavily on semiconductor imports to meet its needs. In recognition of this dependence and the global chip shortage, the Indian government introduced the 'Semicon India Programme' in December of the previous year. The primary goal of this program is to reduce India's reliance on semiconductor imports and contribute to the resolution of the global chip shortage.

  4. Furthermore, the government has introduced additional programs to support the industry's growth, such as the Design-Linked Incentive (DLI) Plan, the Chips to Startup (C2S) initiative, and the Scheme for Promotion of Electronic Components and Semiconductors (SPECS). One of the latest government-industry initiatives designed to lower barriers to entry for fabless enterprises is the Semiconductor Fabless Accelerator Lab (SFAL) in Karnataka. These programs and initiatives collectively underscore the government's commitment to fostering semiconductor manufacturing and design within India, reducing reliance on imports, and positioning the country as a significant player in the global semiconductor arena.

Challenges and Opportunities

The Indian semiconductor market is expected to reach USD 55 billion by 2026, with strong demand from various industries. However, meeting this demand poses a challenge, and there is a need to enhance the pool of skilled professionals to support the industry's growth. The government's investment in the India Semiconductor Mission (ISM) reflects its commitment to promoting semiconductor research and development in India.

It's important to note that the semiconductor market can be cyclical due to factors like fluctuations in demand and supply capabilities, global events, and economic conditions. Savvy investors should approach the market with a long-term perspective and a diversified portfolio strategy to mitigate risks.

Top 3 Semiconductor stocks in India

1) HCL Technologies Ltd

HCL Tech, a prominent global IT services company, is consistently ranked among the top five Indian IT services companies regarding revenues. Since its entry onto the global stage following its IPO in 1999, HCL Tech has been committed to transformative outsourcing. They provide a comprehensive range of services, including software-based IT solutions, remote infrastructure management, engineering and R&D services, and business process outsourcing (BPO).

What sets HCL Tech apart is its extensive global offshore infrastructure and extensive network of offices spanning 46 countries. This extensive reach enables the company to deliver a wide range of services across various industry verticals, making it a key player in the IT services sector.

Fundamentals: A company's potential to capture a larger market share often hinges on its revenue growth. Over the past five years, this company has demonstrated a good annual revenue growth rate of 14.7%, surpassing the industry average of 13.52%.

In the last half-decade, this company has seen its market share increase from 12.79% to 14.03%, signifying an upward trajectory.

Over the last five years, this company's net income has demonstrated robust growth, averaging an annual rate of 11.23%, outpacing the industry's average of 10.24%. This achievement underscores the company's financial strength and performance.

Over the past five years, this company has maintained a debt-to-equity ratio of 10.93%, which is notably lower than the industry average of 13.1%. This lower ratio signifies the company's prudent financial management and lower reliance on debt for financing.

In the same period, the company has displayed impressive growth in free cash flow, with a remarkable increase of 40.52%. This far exceeds the industry average of 14.47%, underscoring the company's ability to generate substantial cash beyond its operational needs.

While the company has been actively securing 11 new deals in the last three months, a noteworthy observation is that the count of large clients, those with a revenue contribution exceeding $100 million, has remained unchanged. This circumstance is particularly significant considering that over 30% of HCL Tech's revenue is derived from its top 20 clients.

In addition to this client base aspect, another area of concern is the cyclicality of the business. These factors emphasize the need for a well-thought-out client acquisition and retention strategy, as well as measures to address the inherent cyclical nature of the industry.

2) TATA Elxsi Ltd

Tata Elxsi stands as one of the global leaders in offering design and technology services that span various industries such as automotive, media, communications, and healthcare. Their comprehensive services cover everything from research and strategy to electronics and mechanical design, software development, validation, and deployment. Tata Elxsi benefits from a vast network of design studios, global development centers, and offices located worldwide, enabling them to provide top-notch solutions and support to clients across the globe.

Fundamentals: Over the past five years,

  • The company's annual revenue has surged at an impressive rate of 17.62%. This outpaces the industry average of 15.53%, signifying the company's increasing potential to boost its market share.
  • The company's market share has increased from 5.34% to 5.76%, reflecting a positive trajectory.

  • The company's net income has grown at an annual rate of 25.76%, surpassing the industry average of 15.82%. This robust growth underscores the company's financial strength and profitability.

  • This company has maintained a debt-to-equity ratio of 5.65%, notably lower than the industry average of 10.33%. This indicates prudent financial management.

  • The company's consistent and increasing free cash flow growth, averaging 17.94% over the last five years, outpaces the industry average of 14.47%. This performance demonstrates the company's effective cash generation.

The current price-to-earnings (PE) ratio for the company stands at 62.69, significantly exceeding the industry average of 27.16. This notable difference suggests that investors are making substantial investments in the company's future potential and are willing to pay a premium for the stock. However, such a high PE ratio can also indicate that the stock may be overvalued.

Furthermore, the stock is trading at approximately 22.6 times its book value. This implies that there may be a lower margin of safety for investors in this particular investment.

3) Dixon Technologies (India) Limited:

Dixon Technologies (India) Limited has established itself as a pioneer in the electronic manufacturing services (EMS) sector in India. The company was founded in 1993 and initiated the manufacturing of color televisions in 1994. Since then, Dixon has significantly expanded its operations to encompass various sub-segments of the electronics industry.

Fundamentals: Over the past five years,

  • The company has achieved a remarkable annual revenue growth rate of 33.79%. This far outpaces the industry average of 9.21%, highlighting the company's exceptional performance in generating revenue.

  • The company has seen its market share surge from 5.81% to an impressive 15.84%, reflecting a strong upward trajectory.

  • The company has managed its financial leverage prudently with a debt-to-equity ratio of 38.9% over the last five years, significantly lower than the industry average of 505.28%. This demonstrates sound financial management.

  • While free cash flow may have exhibited some uncertainty in the past, the data for 2023 indicates a positive trend, suggesting improved financial prospects for the company.

  • Over the past three quarters, foreign institutional investors (FII) investment has risen from 12.05% to 15.66%, indicating an increasing level of interest and participation from international investors in the company's shares.

The company's current Price-to-Earnings (PE) ratio is 125.29, which is considerably higher than the industry average of 64.64. This significant variance suggests that investors are making substantial investments in the company's future potential and are willing to pay a premium for the stock. However, it's essential to note that such a high PE ratio may also indicate that the stock is overvalued.

Additionally, the stock is trading at approximately 21 times its book value, which implies that there might be a reduced margin of safety for investors in this specific investment.


In summary, the Indian semiconductor industry offers significant growth potential, but it is not without risks, especially the impact of external factors like global events and macroeconomic challenges. While the government is making strong efforts to establish India as a semiconductor hub, it's important to acknowledge that this ecosystem is still in its early stages and will require time to develop and expand.

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Signing off, Nataraj Malavade: Certified Research Analyst, Trader, Investor, and Author

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